The word riparian is derived from Latin ripa, meaning river bank.
A riparian zone or riparian area is the interface between land and a river or stream. Riparian is also the proper nomenclature for one of the terrestrial biomes of the Earth.
Plant habitats and communities along the river margins and banks are called riparian vegetation, characterized by hydrophilic plants. Riparian zones are important in ecology, environmental resource management, and civil engineering because of their role in soil conservation, their habitat biodiversity, and the influence they have on fauna and aquatic ecosystems, including grasslands, woodlands, wetlands, or even non-vegetative areas.
In some regions the terms riparian woodland, riparian forest, riparian buffer zone, riparian corridor and riparian strip are used to characterize a riparian zone.
This tank is a project designed as a way to learn about integrating automation and environmental monitoring with ecological systems. It provides a way to test hardware and software over a long period of time.
It is a 75 gallon paludarium or riparian tank. It house a variety of aquatic and terrestrial plants as well as an assortment of fancy guppies, tetras and corydoras catfish.
The tank is controlled and monitored by an Arduino Mega. It monitors an array of temperatures, relative humidity and the water volume flow-rate. An ESP32 controls the LED arrays via Node-Red on a Raspberry Pi. Eventually, the entire monitoring and automation system will be migrated to the ESP32 and programmed with Micropython. Some of the code is available on my GitHub account.
You can read more about it here: riparia.xyz